Tooth sensitivity is a common dental issue, but it’s hard to tell when it’ll strike. It usually affects people from ages 20 to 40.Dentin exposure can cause your teeth to become sensitive. The dentin is located below the enamel and is connected to nerve endings. When acid attacks the enamel, more of the dentin is exposed. This leads to sensitivity when you eat or
drink something hot, cold, or sweet.
Possible Causes of Enamel Erosion
- Brushing too hard. Aggressive brushing can cause the outermost layer of the tooth to wear away. Brushing hard doesn’t guarantee a good clean. When brushing, be sure to use gentle strokes.
- Acid attacks. When sugar mixes with bacteria, it turns into acid and attacks the enamel. This results in the thinning of the dentin.
- Receding gums. When there is tartar buildup on your tooth, your gums may recede. This can cause the root surfaces of your tooth to become exposed. Pockets also begin to form around your tooth. These areas are tough to clean making them an ideal nesting place for bacteria.
- Tooth whitening treatments. Getting a tooth whitening treatment, be it in office or at home, may cause temporary sensitivity. If you have sensitive teeth and would like to brighten your smile, talk to your dentist aboutpotential side effects.
Tooth grinding. Tooth grinding can also cause the enamel to wear away. It’s hard to find out, though, whether you’re clenching your teeth as it happens when a person is asleep. Your dentist, however, can check your mouth and
see if there are signs of nighttime grinding. You may use a custom night guard to protect your enamel against the damaging effects of tooth grinding. Sensitive teeth can cause mild to excruciating pain that may last for hours.
To help relieve discomfort, try the following:
1. Avoid anything that leaves your teeth sensitive, such as food and beverages that are too hot or cold.
2. Use a toothpaste that’s specially made for sensitive teeth.
3. Maintain good oral hygiene habits. Brush your teeth at least twice a day and don’t forget to floss.
4. Use a soft bristled toothbrush. Get yourself a new toothbrush after three to four months, or once your brush starts to get frayed.
5. Brush with gentle hands. Use circular motions when brushing your teeth to ensure you’re reaching all areas. Pay attention to your gum lines.
6. Give yourself an hour before brushing your teeth after every meal. Your teeth are more vulnerable to erosion after eating.
Schedule routine dentist appointments and don’t ignore a sensitive tooth. If you feel it’s getting worse, talk to your dentist about it. Your dentist will check for the most suitable treatment for you.